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Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri)

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Brahmi is a 100% natural, pefficacious and safe nervine tonic that enhances learning, academic performance and improves mental ability. It acts as an anti-anxiety agent and is used in several mental disorders. Brahmi also calms restlessness in children.

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Also known as:  Bacopa Monnieri.


Brahmi is a 100% natural product which is a nervine tonic that enhances learning, academic performance and improves mental ability. It acts as an anti-anxiety agent and is used in several mental disorders.

Brahmi is a perfect medication in case of poor memory, disturbed concentration, stress and anxieties, fatigue and weakness, attention deficit disorder (ADD), Alzheimer's disease, arthritis and joint pains, cold and bronchitis.

Brahmi also calms restlessness in children.

Brahmi consists of such ingredients as: Brahmi Herbs.


Brahmi is available in capsules which are taken by mouth.

It is recommended to take 1 Brahmi capsule twice a day before meals.


If you overdose Brahmi and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep this medicine in the original bottle. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Brahmi are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Brahmi if you are allergic to Brahmi components.

Be careful with Brahmi if you take levothyroxine, propylthiouracil or methimizole.

Always give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use.

brahmi pills

Our results do not support a predictive effect of KITL541 on the efficacy of imatinib for patients with AF.

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Immunosuppression characterizes many human diseases including leukemia and AIDS. Friend virus (FV)-induced murine leukemia is a useful model for studying both malignancy and immunosuppression. In a previous series of experiments, we have demonstrated that untreated FV-infected mice died within 40 days post-infection, whereas infected mice given 150 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on days 5 and 12 exhibited long-term survival. In this report, we show that no leukemic cells or type C virus particles are found in the spleens of mice treated with TBI. In addition, both NK activity as well as bone marrow cell's proliferative responses to PHA and Con A were fully restored. This treatment produces long term control of FV-induced murine leukemia, and thus might have relevance for the treatment of a number of immunosuppressive diseases including AIDS.

brahmi dosage

The analysis and plotting of graphs were carried out using Sigma Plot 12 (Systat Software Inc., USA). Values are expressed as Mean ± SEM (n = 6). One way analysis of variance followed by Student-Newman-Keul's multiple comparisons test was used for the comparison of means. A probability of 0.05 and less was taken as statistically significant.

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Inadequately vaccinated students constitute a vulnerable population and schools are a potential site for measles outbreaks. Inadequate enforcement of school-based immunisation records impact the management and control of school-based measles outbreaks. Implications for Public Health: There is a need to educate clinicians on measles diagnosis and notification, and schools on the requirement to maintain up-to-date vaccination records. School entry is an opportunity to review student vaccination history and offer immunisations.

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The 57 cases included 22 cases of Ewing's sarcoma/peripheral neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), 12 neuroblastomas, 8 Wilms' tumors, 6 rhabdomyosarcomas, 5 lymphomas, 2 retinoblastomas and 1 synovial sarcoma. One case remained unclassified. Electron microscopy was crucial to the diagnosis in 38.4% cases as against 39.2% of cases by ICC. The light microscopic diagnosis was confirmed in 42.3% and 53.5% cases by EM and ICC, respectively. EM and ICC were inconclusive for a specific diagnosis in 19.2% and 7.1% of cases, respectively. Technically unsatisfactory preparations in EM and ICC accounted for 5 and 1 cases, respectively. The overall efficiency in making a diagnosis was 80.7% for EM versus 92.8% for ICC. Aberrant expression of antigens led to difficulties in interpretation of ICC, and EM was particularly helpful. The ultrastructural demonstration of neural differentiation in Ewing's sarcoma/PNET tumors helped place tumors in the PNET category.

brahmi ayurvedic medicine

IC and FCI were performed on 24 consecutive cases of SRCT on fine needle aspiration biopsy material using a panel of antibodies--e.g., cytokeratin (CK), leukocyte common antigen (LCA), desmin, epithelial membrane antigen, neuron-specific enolase, chromogranin, retinoblastoma gene product, neuroblastoma clone (NB84a (NB), vimentin and Mic-2 gene product. IC was done by indirect immunoperoxidase and FCI by indirect immunofluorescence onflow cytometry.

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Brahmi Ghrita, a polyherbal Ayurvedic formulation is recommended in the management of various psychological disorders like Unmada, Apasmara and Graharogas. The present study deals with the pharmacognostical identification of ingredients of Brahmi Ghrita and its physico-chemical analysis. Pharmacognostical study containing both macroscopic and powder microscopy of raw drug revealed the quality and genuineness of all the constituents of Brahmi Ghrita. Organoleptic features of coarse powder made out of the crude drugs were within the standards prescribed. Acid value was 0.16075, saponification value 184.17, Refractive Index value 1.467 at room temperature, Iodine value 26.715, Specific gravity at room temperature was 0.9133. HPTLC was carried out after organizing appropriate solvent system in which maximum 9 spots were distinguished and most of the Rf values were identical in alcoholic extract which shows the presence of certain definite constituents in Brahmi Ghrita.

brahmi drug interactions

Neuroendocrine prostate carcinoma is a rare entity causing both diagnostic and therapeutic issues. There are basically four histological forms (adenocarcinoma with neuroendocrine differentiation, carcinoid tumors, small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas), which can be pure or mixed associated with prostatic carcinoma. There is no consensus on the management or the prognosis of these various tumor subtypes. We conducted a literature review aiming to determine the potential therapeutic implications.

brahmi oil review

Radioimmunoassays for IgM and IgG histoplasmal antibodies were developed and proved to be specific for their respective immunoglobulin classes, sensitive, and reproducible. Elevated IgM antibodies were detected in 59.8% of patients with histoplasmosis and 7.9% of control subjects. Elevated IgG antibodies occurred in 80.4% of patients with histoplasmosis but in only 12.9% of control subjects. Radioimmunoassay was nearly twice as sensitive as complement fixation for identifying patients with mild, presumably asymptomatic, infection. Of 13 patients with serologic follow-up at least 1 yr later, elevated IgM antibodies cleared, whereas IgG antibodies persisted in 7. In an epidemiologic investigation of a recurrent histoplasmosis outbreak, only the radioimmunoassay was able to prove the hypothesis that construction for a swimming complex was the source of exposure. These assays promise to be useful for clinical and epidemiologic investigations.

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While the details of the curricula vary, residents in programs with required abortion training generally felt positively about their experiences and felt that abortion was an appropriate procedure for family physicians to provide. Residents emphasized the importance of both non-procedural and technical aspects of training.

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The pathological examination of our patient documented a complete pathological response after imatinib therapy. Recently, it has been confirmed that the kinase genotype of KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α can accurately predict a good response to imatinib mesylate therapy. We propose that this patient had a mutation conferring high sensitivity to imatinib mesylate.

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Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is now widely accepted as a source of stem cells in patients with malignant hematologic and genetic disorders. We have recently reported that in a series of 30 pediatric UCB transplant recipients comparable outcome to that anticipated with other unrelated stem cell sources. In our series, however, the probability of GVHD for grade III-IV was 9% and no UCB recipient developed chronic GVHD. The reason for the low incidence of GVHD after UCB transplantation is not fully understood. Because functional NK cells are among the first population of lymphocytes to be detected in UCB transplant recipients, 2 months post-transplant on average, we wanted to establish whether NK cells could be implicated in reducing the risk of GVHD. Here, we confirm that early NK cells detected in UCB transplant recipients activate the granzyme/perforin lytic pathway and, in addition, they can mediate Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) activity, a finding not previously reported. Both pathways develop simultaneously and are detectable months before the other lymphocytes, notably CD8 are fully functional. Our contention, therefore, is that the low GVHD observed in UCB recipients may be partially due to early NK cells.

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To study effects of Brahmi on attenuation at cognitive deficit and cerebral VGLUT1 density in sub-chronic phencyclidine (PCP) rat model of schizophrenia.

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Effect of packing material on the stability of four Ayurvedic drugs viz., Hingvatsaka Curna, Brahmi ghrta, Dasamula Kvatha Curna and Ajamodarka have been studied by distributing the drugs in different containers by observing the physical and biological changes. The study revealed that Hingvatsaka Curna keeps well for at least 6 month, Ajamodarka is stable for minimum period of six months when stored in glass bottle exposed to light. Dasamula K vatha Curna showed the presence of insects at the completion of three months. In the second month itself Brahmi ghrta becomes rancid on storing in glass and amber colored bottles.

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We concluded that CCE might have a hepatoprotective effect against aflatoxicosis in mice, probably acting by promoting the antioxidant defence systems.

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Unlike primary pancreatic carcinoma, metastatic lesions of the pancreas are uncommon and account for approximately 2% of pancreatic malignancies. Small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) represents a group of highly malignant tumors giving rise to early and widespread metastasis at the time of diagnosis. However, the pancreas is a relatively infrequent site of metastasis by this neoplasm, and reports on metastatic small-cell carcinoma (SCC) in the pancreas, either of pulmonary or extrapulmonary origin, to be diagnosed by CT-scan-guided trucut biopsy (CT-TCB) are very rare. A 56-year-old man presented with a laterocervical lymphadenopathy associated to a mixed-density lung mass and a mass in the pancreatic body. CT-TCB slides from the pancreatic mass contained small, round tumor cells with extensive nuclear molding. The cytomorphological and histological diagnosis was metastatic SCC. Immunocytochemical staining showed that a variable number of neoplastic cells were positive for cytokeratin 7, TTF1, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin but negative for leukocyte common antigen and cytokeratin 20 with a very high expression of KI67. The transbronchial needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of an SCC. This case represents a rare metastatic lesion in the pancreas from SCLC, diagnosed by CT-TCB histological and immunohistochemical studies.

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BG and piracetam treated rats demonstrated a significant decrease in transfer latency in modified elevated plus maze test and increase in step through latency in passive avoidance test compared with control rats in a dose dependent manner. It may be due to increase in learning and memory. It was also reported that prolonged use of Bacopa monneri (L.) Pennell causes elevation of cerebral glutamic acid and transient increase in gamma aminobutaric acid, which may be helpful in the process of learning.

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Patients from all the groups showed significant reduction in clinical parameters evaluated. However, improvement in ESS was observed only in Group II. The treatment outcome was comparable between the three groups.

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Herbal remedies based on Echinacea, Brahmi, or Ashwagandha can enhance immune function by increasing immunoglobulin production. Furthermore, these herbal medicines might regulate antibody production by augmenting both Th1 and Th2 cytokine production.

300 mg brahmi

Euphorbia paralias is known in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent, a purgative and for its local anesthetic property. To the best our knowledge, renal toxicity of this substance has not been previously reported. In this paper, we report the case of a 29-year-old male who developed renal damage following ingestion of Euphorbia paralias. He had been on follow-up for nephrotic syndrome since 1986, although irregularly, with several relapses but each responding well to steroid therapy. A kidney biopsy had not been performed earlier due to refusal by the patient. He was off steroids since April 2008 because the patient developed osteoporosis. He was admitted with general malaise and oliguria to our department in May 2009, following repeated vomiting and watery diarrhea for three days. On examination, he was edematous but had normal vital signs except for a pulse rate of 120/min. Hemoglobin was only 5.5 g/dL but with normal white cell and platelet counts. Blood biochemistry showed evidence of advanced renal failure with a serum creatinine level of 1835 μmol/L and urea at 44.6 mmol/L, sodium of 132 μmol/L and potassium at 4.3 mmol/L. He had features of nephrotic syndrome with severe hypoproteinamia and 24-h urinary protein of 10.45 g. Ultrasonography revealed enlarged kidneys with a reduced echogenecity of the medulla and the papillae. Subsequently, after hemodialysis with blood transfusion, a kidney biopsy was performed that showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with an acute tubular injury. On intensive interrogation, the patient gave a history of ingesting boiled Euphorbia paralias as a native treatment for edema, ten days prior to the onset of the current illness. A diagnosis of acute renal failure (ARF) resulting from the possible nephrotoxic effect of Euphorbia paralias poisoning was made. He was treated with intermittent hemodialysis and corticosteroids. Serum creatinine values improved after 48 days. At six months following the intoxication, serum creatinine of the patient was 240 μmol/L. In cases of unexplained ARF, a toxic mechanism should always be considered and acute renal failure caused by Euphorbia paralias should be included as a cause if renal toxicity is suspected in those places where it is being used as a native medicine.

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B. monniera significantly improved speed of visual information processing measured by the IT task, learning rate and memory consolidation measured by the AVLT (P<0.05), and state anxiety (P<0.001) compared to placebo, with maximal effects evident after 12 weeks.

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A 49-year-old man with a history of alcoholism and smoking addiction reported haemoptysis and thoracic pains present for one year. The physical examination showed left lung condensation. The skin examination revealed a thickened yellowish keratoderma with exaggerated skin ridges and digital clubbing. A diagnosis of paraneoplastic tripe palms was made, prompting repetition of the biopsy which ultimately revealed a neuroendocrine carcinoma. Skeletal scintigraphy showed periosteal proliferation with hypertrophic osteoarthropathy.

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We investigated hydroxyl radical (OH) production by human natural killer (NK) cells, using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and 5.5 dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), a spin trap specific for OH. production. We confirmed that hydroxyl radical scavengers, n-propyl gallate and catechin, inhibited NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity (NK-CMC) in a dose-dependent manner and demonstrated that DMPO also inhibited NK-CMC. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) activated by opsonized zymosan (2.4 mg/ml) and mixed with DMPO (0.14 M) showed an early increase in hydroxyl radical production, leading to a net production of free radical of almost 400 pMol/10(6) cells. We then mixed NK cells with K562, an NK-sensitive tumor cell, at a 1:1 ratio and added DMPO (0.14 M). We pelleted the cells to increase EC to TC binding before taking the sample readings. Activated NK cells showed no increase in OH. production, leading to a net production of free radicals less than 1% that of activated PMNL. These data strongly suggest that hydroxyl radical production does not play a role in the early events of NK cell activation; they indicate a need to reevaluate the mechanism of inhibition of NK-CMC by OH. scavengers.

daily dose brahmi

Cognitive impairment is a common characteristic in schizophrenia that cannot be attenuated by antipsychotics. Brahmi, popularly known as a cognitive enhancer might be a new frontier of cognitive deficit treatment in schizophrenia.

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Rats were administered PCP or vehicle. Half of the PCP-group was treated with Brahmi. Discrimination ratio (DR) representing cognitive ability was obtained from novel object recognition test. VGLUT1 density was measured in prefrontal cortex, striatum, cornu ammonis fields 1 (CA1) and 2/3 (CA2/3) of hippocampus and dentate gyrus (DG) using western blot and immunohistochemistry.

brahmi ayurvedic medicine

Botanicals (herbal materials and extracts) are widely used in traditional medicines throughout the world. Many have an extensive history of safe use over several hundreds of years. There is now a growing consumer interest in food and cosmetic products, which contain botanicals. There are many publications describing the safety assessment approaches for botanicals, based on the history of safe use. However, they do not define what constitutes a history of safe use, a decision that is ultimately a subjective one. The multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), is a model that has been developed, which assesses the safety of botanical ingredients using a history of use approach. The model evaluates the similarity of the botanical ingredient of interest to its historic counterpart - the comparator, the evidence supporting the history of use, and any evidence of concern. The assessment made is whether a botanical ingredient is as safe as its comparator botanical, which has a history of use. In order to establish compositional similarity between the botanical ingredient and its comparator, an analytical 'similarity scoring' approach has been developed. Applicability of the model is discussed with an example, Brahmi ( Bacopa monnieri).This evolution of the risk assessment of botanicals gives an objective, transparent, and transferable safety assessment approach.

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Acute carbamazepine intoxication is seen with increasing frequency. Severity is related to the degree and duration of the coma, respiratory depression, seizures, cardiovascular disorders, and metabolic abnormalities. Symptomatic and specific treatment with activated carbon are required.

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brahmi oil reviews 2015-06-24

RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T buy brahmi cell expressed and secreted) expression is increased in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RANTES is produced at higher levels in granulomatous conditions, so increased RANTES expression can be expected in Crohn's disease compared with ulcerative colitis.

brahmi dosage 2015-11-06

A direct effect of process-induced trans-fatty acids (TFAs) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor has previously been shown. We hypothesized that TFAs directly induced CVD buy brahmi . This article describes an investigation of the association between TFAs, provided by the consumption of oxidized soybean oil and margarine, and plasma lipid profiles, coronary artery lesions, and coronary fatty acids distribution in rats. Male rats were fed a standard chow or high-fat diet containing different TFA levels ranging from <1%, <2%, and >2% of total fat in fresh soybean oil, oxidized soybean oil, and margarine, respectively, for 4 weeks.

brahmi 500 mg 2017-06-16

We and others have recently shown that human NK cells express the Fas ligand (FasL) constitutively and that they can trigger the lysis of Fas positive (Fas+) target cells (TC) by apoptosis. We have also previously demonstrated that NK cells exposed to sensitive TC temporarily lose their ability to lyse sensitive TC via the granule-mediated buy brahmi pathway and that this loss is recovered when inactivated NK cells (NKi) are incubated in medium supplemented with IL-2, IL-12 or IL-15. In this study, we investigated the fate of the Fas-lytic pathway in NK cells exposed to either Fas+ or Fas- TC. To this end, we exposed NK cells to Jurkat (Fas-) or Jurkat (Fas+) TC for up to 6 h, separated NK cells from the TC and assessed the residual lytic activity against K562, a traditional human NK cell target, Jurkat Fas+ and Jurkat Fas- TC. Fas lytic activity was determined in calcium free medium, in the presence or absence of two distinct Fas-blocking monoclonal antibodies and a Fas.Fc fusion protein. In parallel experiments, the extent of DNA fragmentation in the three TCs was also assayed by the JAM test. Our results indicate that: (i) NK cells exposed to susceptible Fas+ TC temporarily lose most of their lytic potential due to the granule-mediated pathway, while only partially losing the Fas-lytic pathway. They also partially lose their ability to fragment DNA. (ii) NK cells exposed to Fas+ TC completely recover the Fas lytic pathway and the ability to fragment DNA via the Fas/Fas ligand when incubated in medium supplemented with IL-2 for 18 h.

brahmi 6000 review 2017-02-04

A total of 100 patients participated in the study, 46 of them were identified as users of complementary medicine. The most substances used were plants 24%, buy brahmi pure honey 13% and water of Zem Zem (holy water from Mecca) 11%. Concerning techniques, religious practices 37%, special diets 22% and recourse to traditional healers 11% were most commonly used. No specific user profile was observed depending of different sociodemograhics and clinical parameters. The majority of the users of complementary medicine were not revealing their habits to their oncologist because the question was not raised in consultation.

brahmi syrup 2016-02-23

The study compared citation format in EndNote version 7 and Reference Manager version 11 with the citation format for references found buy brahmi in the instructions to authors from the most significant medical literature. The resulting information should be very useful to those who depend on citation management software to format and organize their references for publication in medicine, and librarians and others who teach the use of citation management software.

brahmi capsule 2017-03-22

The anti-ulcerogenic effect of fresh juice from the whole plant of Bocapa monniera Wettst. (BMJ) commonly known as Brahmi in Hindi was examined using gastric ulcer models induced by ethanol, aspirin, 2 h cold restraint stress and 4 h pylorus ligation. Bocapa monniera juice (BMJ) at doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg and sucralfate at a dose of 250 mg/kg were given orally, twice daily for 5 days. BMJ 100-300 mg/kg produced significant antiulcer activity in all the experimental gastric ulcer models except in case of ethanol-induced ulcers where 100 mg/kg was not found to decrease it significantly. BMJ (100-300 mg/kg) was found to have little or no effect on the offensive acid-pepsin secretion, while cell shedding (microgram DNA/mg of protein) and mucin secretion in terms of total carbohydrates:protein ration (TC:P), the two important parameters of defensive factors were significantly decreased and increased respectively indicating enhancement of protective mucosal factors. Both BMJ (300 mg/kg) and SF showed tendency to increase the mucosal glycoproteins in terms of TC:P, though individual carbohydrates and total carbohydrates were either increased or showed a tendency to increase. Thus, ulcer protective effect of BMJ may be due to its effect on mucosal defensive factors like enhanced mucin buy brahmi secretion, mucosal glycoprotein and decreased cell shedding rather than on offensive factors such as acid and pepsin.

brahmi medicine 2016-11-23

We investigated the inactivation of human NK cells, a population of large granular lymphocytes (LGL), with K562, an NK-sensitive target cell (TC) and KLCL, an NK-resistant TC, but which can be lysed by NK cells via antibody (Ab)-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. NK-enriched effector cells (ECc) were first treated with either K562 or Ab-coated KLCL (Ab-KLCL). After incubation, ECc were separated from their TC then examined for residual NK and ADCC activities, phenotypic changes, and changes in LGL morphology. K562-treated ECc and Ab-KLCL-treated ECc, when retested against the inactivating TC, respectively, lost greater than 90% of their lytic activities. However, K562-treated ECc lost 60 to 70% of their activity against Ab-KLCL, whereas Ab-KLCL-treated ECc lost less than 10% of their activity against K562. In contrast to what we observed with K562-treated ECc, we detected significant reductions in plasma membrane expression of Leu-11a and Leu-11b on Ab-KLCL-treated ECc. Although the proportion of OKM1+ cells remained unchanged after the inactivation process, the density of OKM1 on both K562-treated ECc and Ab-KLCL-treated ECc increased significantly. Morphologic analysis revealed no apparent differences in the percentages of LGL before and after treatment with K562 or Ab-KLCL. Finally, IL-2 restored lytic potential to both K562-treated ECc and Ab-KLCL-treated ECc and, in addition, IL-2-induced enhancement of Ab-KLCL-treated ECc was accompanied by a partial reexpression of Leu-11a buy brahmi . These data support the hypothesis that NK-cell-mediated cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity may result from a common lytic mechanism, although the initiation steps and regulation of the pathway are distinct.

300 mg brahmi 2015-01-04

We have previously shown that CTL and NK cells rapidly down regulate perforin mRNA and become functionally inactive within 4-6 hr after exposure to sensitive target cells (TC). We report here for the first time that CTL also down regulate perforin mRNA upon exposure to resistant, but binding, TC. When three separate human MHC-restricted CTL lines were exposed to resistant TC, perforin mRNA was rapidly degraded. Removal of both extracellular Ca++ and Mg++ prevented perforin message down regulation, whereas removal of Ca++ alone did not, indicating that CTL:TC binding was required. Unlike the response of CTL exposed to sensitive TC, resistant TC did not trigger serine esterase (SE) release, suggesting distinct signalling pathways for perforin mRNA down regulation and granule exocytosis. Moreover, using western analysis, we showed that there was limited (< 10%) perforin protein release after CTL:TC interaction, suggesting that buy brahmi CTL loss of lytic activity after exposure to sensitive TC is not due to massive depletion of perforin. Treatment of CTL with mAb to CD2, CD3, CD2 + CD3, CD8, Class I and LFA-1 did not induce perforin mRNA down regulation. Furthermore, mAb to CD2, CD3, CD8, Class I, Class II, CD54 and LFA-1 did not block TC-mediated perforin mRNA down regulation although lysis of TC was inhibited.

brahmi capsules 2016-04-03

To assess the buy brahmi effect of herbal antimicrobial agents on Streptococcus mutans count in biofilm formations during orthodontic treatment.

brahmi powder dosage 2017-06-04

Ayurveda is the oldest system of Medicine in the world, its antiquity going back to the Vedas. It adapts a unique holistic approach to the entire science of life, health and cure. The areas of special consideration in Ayurveda are geriatrics, rejuvenation, nutrition, immunology, genetics and higher consciousness. The Ayurvedic texts describe a set of rejuvenative measures to impart biological sustenance to the bodily tissues. These remedies are called Rasayana which are claimed to act as micronutrients. Some of these Rasayanas are organ and tissue specific. Those specific to brain tissue are called Medhya Rasayana. Such Rasayanas retard brain aging and help in regeneration of neural tissues besides producing antistress, adaptogenic and memory enhancing effect. In addition to the long tradition buy brahmi of textual and experience-based evidence for their efficacy, certain recent studies conducted on these traditional remedies on scientific parameters have shown promising results which have been reviewed in this paper for providing lead for further studies. The popular Medhya Rasayanas are Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri Linn), Mandukaparni (Centella asiatica Linn) and Sankhapuspi (Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois).

brahmi oil review 2017-02-18

Brahmi and Mandookparni do not in themselves improve learning; however, each attenuates the amnestic effects of ECS without showing synergism in this beneficial action. Exercises in research and development are indicated to buy brahmi further investigate the anti-amnestic properties of these herbs, and to identify the specific chemical constituents which have procognitive effects.

daily dose brahmi 2015-11-30

Datura stramonium is a hallucinogenic plant which buy brahmi causes serious poisoning. Clinical symptoms are those of atropinic intoxication with psychiatric manifestations of dryness of mouth, mydriasis, tachycardia and hallucinations. Diagnosis is essentially clinical. Treatment is symptomatic and suppurative; prognosis is usually favorable.

brahmi pills 2016-04-22

Some factors related to diet, such as trans fatty acids (TFA), are known to be involved in the progression of atherosclerosis in humans. Thus, the aim of our study was (i) to evaluate the effects of three dietary free fatty acids (FFA) (elaidic (EA), oleic (OA) and palmitic acid (PA)) on U937 human monocytes, and (ii) to study the eventual benefits of bezafibrate (BZF), a pan-agonist for PPAR isoforms (α, γ and δ) in U937 cells treated with FFA. Morphologic and functional changes were investigated by microscopic and flow cytometric methods. Cellular lipid content, lipid droplets and FA composition were identified and studied. All analyses were also realized in association with or without BZF. Contrary to OA and PA, EA slightly induced both propidium iodide-positive cells and mitochondrial depolarization. In addition, in contrast to OA and PA, EA induced only a slight increase in superoxide anion production. However, EA and OA promoted cytoplasmic lipid droplets accumulation. Only EA and OA significantly increased CD36 expression. It is noteworthy that BZF had a more or less pronounced protective effect against EA-, OA- and PA-induced side effects: BZF attenuated the impaired cell viability and inflammatory response, decreased superoxide anion production and prevented the accumulation of neutral and polar lipids. The effects were less pronounced with OA and PA than with EA. Altogether, our data revealed a benefit of BZF on the side effects induced especially with EA. It may thus be of interest in preventing the early stages of atherosclerotic plaque formation. Claritin Pill

brahmi tablets 2016-01-05

Neuroprotective effects were determined by measuring neuronal cell viability following beta-amyloid and glutamate treatment with and Luvox 5 Mg without Brahmi extract. Mechanisms of neuroprotection were evaluated by monitoring cellular oxidative stress and acetylcholinesterase activity.

brahmi ayurvedic medicine 2017-04-14

Lysis of target cells (TC) by cytolytic lymphocytes involves the secretion of cytoplasmic granules containing perforin and serine esterases by the effector cell (EC). Recently, a granule-independent cytolytic mechanism involving the interaction of the apoptosis-triggering Fas antigen (CD95) with Fas ligand (FasL) has been revealed in T cells. However, whether the Fas lytic pathway also functions in NK cells has not been established. We purified human peripheral NK cells (> 98% CD56+) and found that PMA and ionomycin treatment upregulated FasL message and stimulated the NK cells to lyse a Fas+ TC. This lysis was partially inhibited by the anti-Fas-blocking antibody M3 or by Fas.Fc fusion protein. We also found that FasL is constitutively expressed on the human NK-like leukemia cell line YT-INDY and that YT-INDY utilizes a Ca(2+)-independent Fas lytic pathway, as well as the granule pathway. We have previously shown that CD28/B7 interactions are involved in TC recognition by YT-INDY. K562 cotransfected with Fas and B7-1 (K562/Fas/B7) was lysed by YT-INDY at a higher level than a vector-transfected K562 line, whereas K562 transfected with Fas alone was not. Lysis of K562 Cleocin Ovules Reviews /Fas/B7 cotransfectants was partially Fas-mediated, as indicated by the presence of Ca(2+)-independent, M3-inhibitable lysis. Ca(2+)-independent, Fas-mediated lysis of several TC by YT-INDY was inhibited by anti-CD28 antibody. Anti-LFA-1 also inhibited Fas-mediated cytotoxicity in YT-INDY. Thus, fresh human NK cells and the human NK-like cell line YT-INDY are capable of using the Fas lytic pathway. In YT-INDY, CD28/B7 and LFA-1/ICAM interactions appear to influence the Fas lytic pathway.

brahmi syrup patanjali 2015-12-21

A prospective study of patients presenting with lower gastrointestinal symptoms at the Bahrain Specialist Hospital from July 2004 to April 2005 was carried out. Endoscopic colonic biopsy specimens were taken from every patient and subjected to (a) routine haematoxylin and eosin staining examination by light microscopy, (b) immunohistochemistry for examination of RANTES protein expression by light microscopy and (c) in situ hybridisation for Celebrex Renal Dosing examination of RANTES mRNA expression by light microscopy. RANTES expression was assessed and quantified.

brahmi reviews 2015-01-20

Methanol poisoning continues to be a public health problem in Tunisia in spite of the different legislative measures. We report a series of 16 cases of methanol poisoning admitted to our Intensive Care Unit between December 2003 and April 2004. The patients' median age was 21.5 years (range 16 to 53 years) with a median SAPS II of 14 (range 12 to 84) and an APACHE II of 8 (range 6 to 36). The median latent period was 9.5 hours (range 4 to 24 hours) with a delay to medical consultation of 36 hours (range 6 to 48 hours), and a median serum methanol concentration of 1.4 g/L (range 0.19 to 3.62 g/L). Clinical signs included central nervous system symptoms (69%), gastrointestinal complaints (87%), visual disturbances (69%) and metabolic acidosis (94%). Three patients (19%) required mechanical ventilation because of deep coma or shock and died within 6 hours. Hemodialysis was performed in eleven patients (69%) because of visual disturbances and/or metabolic acidosis. One patient developed irreversible Crestor Brand Name bilateral blindness and another unilateral blindness secondary to optic neuropathy. Statistical significant risk factors for the developing of visual disturbances were found to be the ingested quantity of methanol, the latent period, acidosis and serum methanol concentration on admission.

brahmi vati tablet 2017-05-11

In a comprehensive data review, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and POPLINE databases were searched from the earliest data entered until November 2012. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies comparing effectiveness, safety, acceptability Zithromax 3 Capsules , and long-term sequelae of abortion care between adolescent/young women and older women were identified. Two reviewers independently extracted data, and the Cochrane guidelines and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale were used for quality assessment.

brahmi buy 2015-06-05

The treatment caused reduction in motility, viability, morphology, and number of spermatozoa in cauda epididymidis. Histologically, testes in mice treated with the plant extract showed alterations in the seminiferous tubules, and the alterations included intraepithelial vacuolation, loosening of germinal epithelium, exfoliation of germ cells and occurrence of giant cells. In severe cases, the tubules were lined by only Sertoli cells or Sertoli cells, spermatogonia and spermatocytes. Significant reductions were also noted in height of the germinal epithelium and diameter of the seminiferous tubules in Brahmi-treated mice compared to controls. Epididymis in treated males showed slight alterations in histological appearance. The treatment had no effect on levels of Imitrex Oral Dose testosterone, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and creatinine in blood serum, hematological parameters and on liver and kidney histoarchitecture. In Brahmi-treated males, libido remained unaffected, but fertility was notably suppressed. The alterations caused in the above reproductive endpoints by the plant extract were reversible, and by 56 days of treatment withdrawal, the parameters recovered to control levels.

brahmi drug interactions 2016-05-13

In 6 out of 33 cases (18%), the technique failed to determine the mutational status; 5 patients (19%) harboured KITL541 Sinequan Drug Interactions and 22 patients (81%) were classified as KIT wild type. Compared with total cohort, KITL541 frequency did not distinguish between different clinical characteristics. In the KITL541 and the KITWT subgroups, the tumor control rate at 1 year was 100% and 68%, respectively (p = 0.316). The median PFS of patients harboring KITL541 or not is 29.9 and 24.5 months, respectively (p = 0.616), and the median OS is not reached, in any of the groups.

brahmi oil reviews 2016-05-20

Tachycardia is a frequent sign of intoxication, which can be expressed by a linear function depending on ETD. The MSE is more frequently noted with amitriptyline. The clinical aspect of type-I Brugada syndrome is as frequent as the MSE but does not seem prognostic. It is unclear whether it is related to an isolated electrical aspect or it hides a genetic mutation.

brahmi dosage 2015-07-05

Ayurvedic formulations are preferred over other formulations as well as commercialized on broad level to treat various ailments. The World Health Organization has established certain guidelines for quality control of heavy metals and pesticide residues. Bacopa monnieri, a popular herb with immunomodulator and memory-enhancing properties is the chief constituent of several Ayurvedic formulations, which include Brahmi Vati (BV), Brahmi Ghrita (BG) and Saraswat Churna (SC), etc. In view of the World Health Organization guidelines, two products of each formulation from six different manufacturers were purchased from Ayurvedic Pharmacy, Bulanala-Varanasi, India for testing heavy metal and pesticide residue.

brahmi 500 mg 2015-05-31

The present study was designed to examine the binding and signalling effects of single base and CpG dinucleotide phosphodiester (Po) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) on the human natural killer (NK)-like cell line (YT-INDY). Single base Po ODN composed of 20-mers of guanosine (dG20), adenosine (dA20), cytosine (dC20) or thymidine (dT20) as well as 'conventional' Po CpG ODN were examined for their ability to bind and activate YT-INDY cells. Binding by dG20 and CpG ODN to YT-INDY cells was saturable and specific. dG20 binding was competitively inhibited by homologous dG20 and heterologous CpG ODN but not by dC20 and dA20. Two different YT-INDY membrane proteins (18 and 29 kDa) were identified by ligand (Southwestern) blotting with biotinylated dG20 and CpG. The specificity of the ODN-binding protein(s) was further confirmed by ODN depletion experiments using a teleost recombinant protein orthologue [nonspecific cytotoxic cells (NCC) cationic antimicrobial protein-1 (ncamp-1)] known to bind CpG and dG20. Cell proliferation and activation studies showed that dG20 and CpG treatment of YT-INDY cells induced cellular DNA synthesis (i.e. G1 to S-phase conversion). This signalling function was accompanied in dG20-treated cells by proliferation 10 h posttreatment. Both dG20 and CpG ODN binding induced a calcium flux in YT-INDY cells within seconds of treatment. These experiments demonstrated that Po single base dG20 and CpG ODN bind to a (potential) new class of cell-surface proteins that mediate the activation of YT-INDY cells.

brahmi 6000 review 2017-05-18

Developed by CD Plus (formerly Online Research Systems, Inc.), CD Plus MEDLINE is a welcome addition to the growing number of MEDLINE CD-ROM products. CD Plus MEDLINE offers monthly updates and coverage of the full MEDLINE database back to 1966. Some of its features include mapping to MeSH, explode capability, permuted term index, scope notes from the Annotated MeSH, and access to the tree structures. The system is designed for the novice as well as the professional searcher. The article takes a descriptive look at MEDLINE on CD Plus, its software, searching capabilities, limitations, special features, and system requirements.

brahmi syrup 2015-11-20

Brahmi Ghrita enhances learning and memory as analogous to standard drug (piracetam) in normal rats.

brahmi capsule 2017-12-04

Brahmi reduces blood pressure partly via releasing nitric oxide from the endothelium, with additional actions on vascular smooth muscle Ca(2+) homeostasis. Some Brahmi ingredients could be efficacious antihypertensives and the vasodilation could account for some medicinal actions.

brahmi medicine 2016-02-14

Herbal remedies based on Echinacea, Brahmi, or Ashwagandha can enhance immune function by increasing immunoglobulin production. Furthermore, these herbal medicines might regulate antibody production by augmenting both Th1 and Th2 cytokine production.