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The patient was treated with the CD11a-directed monoclonal antibody efalizumab together with 10 mg isotretinoin and 5 mg prednisone.
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Ninety patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP were enrolled in the present study. The genomic DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue and 22 polymorphisms of 18 apoptosis-related genes were assessed using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay.
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Treatment of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (So-JIA) is challenging, and the efficacy of injectable recombinant human tumor necrosis factor type 1 receptor-antibody fusion protein (etanercept) on So-JIA has been controversial.
Here we describe three cases of BP which were referred to our department in the last 15 years. Two of them developed an eruption of bullous lesions just a few days after vaccination for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae B. The third patient developed the same blistering lesions shortly after herpetic stomatitis. In all three cases, clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histological examination which showed subepidermal bullae with a dermal inflammatory infiltrate, and direct immunofluorescence of perilesional skin showed linear IgG and C3 deposits along the basement membrane zone. Immunoblot assay was positive for BP antigen 180. Treatment with oral prednisone was instituted and the lesions resolved in two out of three patients; the third one was treated with an immunosuppressive agent (tacrolimus) and corticosteroid and subsequently with intravenous immunoglobulin and plasmapheresis, due to an underlying complex autoimmune disease.
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The acute and long term consequences of mineralocorticoid excess and the effects of available treatments have been reviewed. Prospective studies in which abiraterone was employed were identified to assess the frequency and severity of the mineralocorticoid excess syndrome and the efficacy of ameliorating therapeutic approaches.
These prospective data provide evidence that inflammation is a contributor to the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in RA and that it is potentially modified favorably by TNF inhibitors and detrimentally by glucocorticoids.
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This is a retrospective analysis (RA), performed on 55 patients with RNS treated during one year with enteric coated sodium mycophenolate (EC-MPS) and reduced corticosteroids doses.
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare disease with an increased incidence of cancer, but the ocorrence of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a very uncommon event. We report a case of a 76-year-old female addmited to the hematology clinic with long-term adenopathies and ocasional gastro-intestinal symptomatology. Progressive symmetrical swelling of hands was also noticed. Colonoscopy revealed multiple polyps and histopathology was consistent with Mantle-Cell Lymphoma (MCL)-NHL. R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicine, vincristine and prednisone) regimen was promptly iniated with complete response. Persistent swelling of both hands was observed, with thickening of the skin of both hands with proximal extension until the forearm. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of scleroderma. Symptomatic and rehabilitation treatment was initiated with mild improvement of symptoms. To our knowledge this is the first case of MCL associated with SSc.
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To observe the effect of Yangyin Jiedu Huoxue Recipe (YJHR) on the degree of activity integral of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLEDAI) and plasma osteopontin (OPN), and its effect for hormone withdrawal in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
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We report a case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) that underwent inflammatory transformation which we treated medically with corticosteroids. Medical therapy resulted in resolution of presenting symptoms and observed inflammatory changes. We review the clinical features, associated pathology, diagnostic, and therapeutic options in the management of inflammatory AAA.
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Primary renal lymphoma is rare. Diagnosis is established by renal biopsy, although it often presents as a mass simulating renal cell cancer and diagnosis is obtained after radical nephrectomy. Treatment consists of chemotherapy (CHOP). associated with rituximab.
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Options are limited for patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) who do not respond to topical treatments. Antifolate therapy with systemic methotrexate improves the disease, but is associated with adverse effects. The investigational antifolate LD-aminopterin may offer improved safety. It is not known how antifolate dose and dosing frequency affect efficacy in AD, but a primary mechanism is thought to involve the antifolate-mediated accumulation of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR). However, recent in vitro studies indicate that AICAR increases then decreases as a function of antifolate concentration. To address this issue and understand how dosing affects antifolate efficacy in AD, we examined the efficacy and safety of different oral doses and schedules of LD-aminopterin in the canine model of AD.
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Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) patients with persistent high-grade proteinuria are at the highest risk for developing end-stage renal failure. We previously reported the effects of treatment with mizoribine followed by low-dose prednisone treatment in 4 IMN patients. The purpose of the present study was to further assess the effects of this combined treatment in a larger study group.
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There was a significant positive correlation between 17-OHP in serum and in saliva (R equals 0.929, p-value less than 0.01). A significant positive correlation between androstenedione level in saliva and serum was also found (R equals 0.611, p-value less than 0.01). This study also revealed a significant positive correlation between androstenedione and 17-OHP in serum (R equals 0.647, p-value less than 0.01) and saliva (R equals 0.799, p-value less than 0.01). All patients showed increased level of 17-OHP and androstenedione in the sample collected upon awakening.
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Children with B-ALL diagnosed between 1988 and 1999 were enrolled in the AIEOP-8805 protocol. Treatment included six high-dose chemotherapy courses. No prophylactic CNS irradiation was administered.
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To evaluate factors affecting therapeutic approaches used in clinical practice for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), in a multicenter cohort.
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Henoch-Schönlein purpura is an acute, systemic, immune complex-mediated, leukocytoclastic vasculitis. It is characterized by a triad of palpable purpura (without thrombocytopenia), abdominal pain, and arthritis. Most patients have an antecedent upper respiratory illness. More than 90 percent of Henoch-Schönlein purpura cases occur in children younger than 10 years; however, adults with this condition are more likely to experience complications than children. All patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura develop a purpuric rash, 75 percent develop arthritis, 60 to 65 percent develop abdominal pain, and 40 to 50 percent develop renal disease. Because Henoch-Schönlein purpura spontaneously resolves in 94 percent of children and 89 percent of adults, supportive treatment is the primary intervention. Oral prednisone at 1 to 2 mg per kg daily for two weeks has been used to treat abdominal and joint symptoms. A meta-analysis found that corticosteroid use in children reduced the mean time to resolution of abdominal pain and decreased the odds of developing persistent renal disease. Early aggressive therapy with high-dose steroids plus immunosuppressants is recommended for patients with severe renal involvement. Long-term prognosis depends on the severity of renal involvement. End-stage renal disease occurs in 1 to 5 percent of patients.
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Vitamin D deficiency was shown to be prevalent among renal transplant recipients in northern countries, but little is known regarding risk factors.
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We analysed data from 11,285 patients with RA, enrolled in the prospective cohort study RABBIT, at the start of biologic (b) or conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs. A nested case-control study was conducted, defining patients with MI during follow-up as cases. Cases were matched 1:1 to control patients based on age, sex, year of enrolment and five cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities. Generalized linear models were applied (Poisson regression with a random component, conditional logistic regression).
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T cell/histiocyte-rich large B cell lymphoma (THRLBCL) is a rare morphological variant of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), accounting for 1-3% of all DLBCLs. However, its impact on treatment outcome and prognosis is still not clearly defined.
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To specify the incidence and risk factors for secondary autoimmune diseases (ADs) after HSCT for a primary AD, we retrospectively analyzed AD patients treated by HSCT reported to EBMT from 1995 to 2009 with at least 1 secondary AD (cases) and those without (controls). After autologous HSCT, 29 of 347 patients developed at least 1 secondary AD within 21.9 (0.6-49) months and after allogeneic HSCT, 3 of 16 patients. The observed secondary ADs included: autoimmune hemolytic anemia (n = 3), acquired hemophilia (n = 3), autoimmune thrombocytopenia (n = 3), antiphospholipid syndrome (n = 2), thyroiditis (n = 12), blocking thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody (n = 1), Graves disease (n = 2), myasthenia gravis (n = 1), rheumatoid arthritis (n = 2), sarcoidosis (n = 2), vasculitis (n = 1), psoriasis (n = 1), and psoriatic arthritis (n = 1). After autologous HSCT for primary AD, the cumulative incidence of secondary AD was 9.8% ± 2% at 5 years. Lupus erythematosus as primary AD, and antithymocyte globulin use plus CD34(+) graft selection were important risk factors for secondary AD by multivariate analysis. With a median follow-up of 6.2 (0.54-11) years after autologous HSCT, 26 of 29 patients with secondary AD were alive, 2 died during their secondary AD (antiphospholipid syndrome, hemophilia), and 1 death was HSCT-related. This European multicenter study underlines the need for careful management and follow-up for secondary AD after HSCT.
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This multinational phase 3 trial involved adults who had active noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis despite having received prednisone treatment for 2 or more weeks. Investigators and patients were unaware of the study-group assignments. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive adalimumab (a loading dose of 80 mg followed by a dose of 40 mg every 2 weeks) or matched placebo. All patients received a mandatory prednisone burst followed by tapering of prednisone over the course of 15 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the time to treatment failure occurring at or after week 6. Treatment failure was a multicomponent outcome that was based on assessment of new inflammatory lesions, best corrected visual acuity, anterior chamber cell grade, and vitreous haze grade. Nine ranked secondary efficacy end points were assessed, and adverse events were reported.
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Low-dose THAL together with PRED appeared to be effective in the treatment of PMF-associated anemia, and the response duration would prolong significantly if combined with DANA.
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Two patients with panuveitis associated with SS.
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On evaluation of changes from baseline to 24 months among 255 patients randomized to implant and systemic therapy (479 eyes with uveitis), the implant and systemic therapy groups had an improvement in visual acuity of +6.0 and +3.2 letters (P = 0.16, 95% confidence interval on difference in improvement between groups, -1.2 to +6.7 letters, positive values favoring implant), an improvement in vision-related quality of life of +11.4 and +6.8 units (P = 0.043), a change in EuroQol-EQ5D health utility of +0.02 and -0.02 (P = 0.060), and residual active uveitis in 12% and 29% (P=0.001), respectively. Over the 24 month period, implant-assigned eyes had a higher risk of cataract surgery (80%, hazard ratio [HR] = 3.3, P < 0.0001), treatment for elevated intraocular pressure (61%, HR=4.2, P < 0.0001), and glaucoma (17%, HR=4.2, P = 0.0008). Patients assigned to systemic therapy had more prescription-requiring infections than patients assigned to implant therapy (0.60 vs 0.36/person-year, P=0.034), without notable long-term consequences; systemic adverse outcomes otherwise were unusual in both groups, with minimal differences between groups.
We studied 59 patients with aggressive NHL, who received chemotherapy and radiation therapy (RT) from 2001 to 2008. Among them, 83% of patients had stage I/II disease. Patients with B-cell lymphoma received R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)-based chemotherapy, and 1 patient with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative anaplastic T-cell lymphoma received CHOP therapy. Interim and postchemotherapy FDG-PET or FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) scans were performed for restaging. All patients received consolidated involved-field RT. Median RT dose was 36 Gy (range, 28.8-50 Gy). Progression-free survival (PFS) and local control (LC) rates were calculated with and without a negative interim or postchemotherapy FDG-PET scan.